Friday, October 7, 2011

Borobudur Temple, The Biggest Buddhist Temple in 9th Century

Who do not know Borobudur temple? Buddhist temple has a relief of 1460 and 504; Buddhist stupa in the complex. Millions of people sign to visit the buildings included in the Wonder World Heritages this. Not surprisingly, for the architectural and function as a place of worship, Borobudur is enticing.

Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of the Ancient Kingdom of Mataram, the descendant of Sailendra dynasty. Based on the inscription Kayumwungan, an Indonesian named reveal that Hudaya Kandahjaya Borobudur is a place of worship is completed on May 26 824, almost one hundred years since the beginning of construction. Borobudur own name, according to some people means a terraced mountain-terrace (budhara), while some others said that Borobudur means monastery, located in the high places.

Borobudur-shaped building "punden berundak" consists of 10 levels. 42 meters high before the renovated and 34.5 meters because of the level renovated after the bottom used as a backstop. Six levels below the square-shaped and three levels above form a circle and the highest level in the form of a Buddhist stupa to the west. Each level symbolizes the stages of human life. According mazhab Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level of Buddha must through every level of life is.The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing the human appetite is still tied. Four levels of above mentioned Rupadhatu symbolizing the human has been able to free them from the militancy but still bound appearance and form. At the level of the Buddha statue is placed open. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddha placed in a stupa called holey Arupadhatu; symbolizing man has been freed from lust, shapes and forms. The top of the Arupa called symbolizing nirvana, where the Buddha stayed.

Each level has a beautiful reliefs that show how advanced the author. Relief will be read in a serial when you walk clockwise (the left of the entrance of the temple). In the relief of Borobudur tells about a story that is a legend, the Ramayana. In addition, there is also a relief that describe the conditions at that time. For example, about the relief activities of the farmers who reflect on the progress of the agriculture system and relief when the ship is a representation of the progress of the voyage time is centered in Bergotta (Plymouth).

Overall relief of the Borobudur temple reflects the teachings of the Buddha. Therefore, this temple could be used as a media education for those who want to learn the teachings of Buddha. "Cheaptravel4u" invites you to circumnavigate the narrow alleys of Borobudur in order to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist Indian origin in the century to 10, had visited the temple which was built 3 centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and 4 centuries before the Great Cathedral in Europe this.

Owing to visit Borobudur and script Drawing from the teachings of Buddha Serlingpa (one of the king of the Kingdom of Sriwijaya), Atisha able to develop the teachings of Buddha. He became head of a monastery Vikramasila and instructs people on how to practice the Tibetan Dharma. Six of the script Serlingpa also summarized into a core teaching called "The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment" or better known by the name Bodhipathapradipa.

One of the questions now unsolved Borobudur is about how the conditions around the temple when the temple was built and why it is found in the tomb. Some say Borobudur originally stood surrounded swamps and hidden because the eruption of Mount Merapi. Basically, the inscription is Calcutta titled 'Amawa' Means Sea of milk. Then the word is interpreted as lava Merapi. Some others say Borobudur buried cold lava of Mount Merapi.

With all the grandeur and mystery that is, when reasonable people from all over the world enter the Borobudur temple as a place that must be visited in his life. In addition to the temple, you can also go around the villages around Borobudur, such as Fleet and Wanurejo to see the activities of citizens to make handicrafts. You can also go to the top Kendil people can look to the panorama from the top of Borobudur.

from blog of Budi Mutsuclan Wibowo

| Free Bussines? |

No comments:

Post a Comment